What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a condition that affects the optic nerve in the eye. The optic nerve handles vision and transmits images to the brain. The cause for Glaucoma is an increased pressure inside the eye, also known as intraocular pressure. This force of pressure in the eye leads to the damage of the optic nerve.
Glaucoma can be hereditary in nature and may show up in the later stages of life. Poor blood flow to the optic nerve also causes Glaucoma. Without proper treatment, Glaucoma can cause permanent vision loss.
What are the symptoms for Glaucoma?
If you’re over 40 years of age and have a family history of Glaucoma, it is recommended to get a complete eye examination done from a Glaucoma specialist every 1 to 2 years. If diabetes or a history of glaucoma is prevalent in the family, a person may be more prone to eye disorders and diseases and may frequent eye check-ups.
People who suffer from poor eye vision or are suffering from diabetes are also at the risk of getting Glaucoma. People who have suffered accidental injury or trauma on their eyes or are on steroids are at the risk of getting Glaucoma.
Glaucoma is considered to be difficult to be understood by the patient himself and difficult to diagnose as well at an early stage. Other symptoms for Glaucoma include-
Pain in the eyes, severe headaches, blurred vision or the appearance of halos around lights, redness in the eyes, hazy eyes, nausea or vomiting and narrowed vision or tunnel vision are some symptoms which must not be ignored.
Address all your eye problems with a Glaucoma specialist to ensure a perfect vision.
How common is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of permanent blindness in the world today. Studies reveal thatapproximately6 million people suffer from blindness due to this disease.
What is more adverse is that Glaucoma is difficult to diagnose. This is because the disease causes no symptoms other than the first sign that is a gradual loss of side vision (which is the peripheral vision) and also it is difficult to understand. Due to its difficult diagnosing, Glaucoma is also known as ‘sneak thief of vision’.
How is Glaucoma diagnosed?
The Glaucoma specialist to provide you Glaucoma treatment will use eye drops to dilate your pupils and examine them . Scans and pictures are also taken by eye specialists to observe the eye conditions over a period of time. Tests such as Tonometry are conducted to check the eye pressure. Visual field tests and examination help the eye doctor to diagnose Glaucoma.
What is the treatment for Glaucoma?
It must be understood that Glaucoma causes permanent vision loss and this is non-reversible in nature. But, Glaucoma can be controlled and its effects can be regulated by a proper treatment by a Glaucoma specialist.
Here, the intraocular pressure on the optic nerve can be reduced and prevented by eyedrops, medicines, laser or incisional surgery.
Patients who are suffering from Glaucoma may additionally also get cataracts or macular degeneration.
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