Everyone surely wants to know pneumonia vaccine side effects for adults and children. Before that, know what pneumonia first. Flu vaccination and vaccination against pneumonia can be tolerated well. The Austrian Chamber of Pharmacists offers the vaccine against pneumococci – the causative agent of pneumonia – at reduced prices during the ongoing anti-pollution vaccination campaign.
Pneumonia / Pneumococci are spherical bacteria that live on the mucosa of the upper airways. Usually they are well kept at bay by a healthy immune system. Pneumococci are also responsible for a number of other diseases: pneumonia (meningitis), sinusitis, otitis media, and ulcers of the cornea.
Pneumococci are the pathogens
Half of all lung infections are attributable to pneumococcus. Particularly endangered are the elderly, the chronically ill (eg heart disease, diabetics, asthmatics) and persons with a weakened immune system.
Often with weakened immune system
In most cases, the disease is caused by a weakened immune system. The contamination is effected by direct contact, especially by droplet infection, e.g. coughing or sneezing. This is why special caution is advised in vulnerable individuals, especially during the peak season.
The pneumonia caused by pneumococci can be life-threatening, especially for the elderly. To make matters worse, pneumococci, like other bacteria, develop an increasing resistance to antibiotics. This means that in case of a disease, the infection can be harder to get under control.
Just in time vaccinate
A vaccination against pneumococci, which can be made all year round, remedies. The vaccine stimulates the body to form antibodies, has good tolerability and can be combined as desired. Particularly for seniors, the vaccination and also the booster vaccination as prevention is important.
Low inoculation rate
Since the rate of insemination among the elderly in Austria is still far too low, the Austrian Chamber of Pharmacists offers the vaccine cheaply during the current ongoing anti-snogging campaign. In the period October 1 to December 31, 2006, the vaccine for adults costs 25 euros instead of just 30 euros.
Protected for five years
It is sensible according to Dr. Wilhelm Sedlak from the Medical Association of Austria, to have vaccinations against flu and pneumococci given at the same time, since the danger of infection is greatest in the grip season.
The immunization begins after about two weeks and then stops for five years.
Since summer 2006, the Permanent vaccination committee has recommended vaccination against pneumococcus in the first two years of life for all children. Start of vaccination is the third month of life.
Read here what you need to know about pathogens, disease and vaccination.
What are Pneumonia Vaccine Side Effects?
The diseases by pneumococci
Pneumococci (Streptococcus pneumoniae) occur in more than every other child and many adults as harmless pharynx. They may also produce suppurative inflammations: middle ear, nasal sinuses, lungs, brain membranes (meningitis), blood poisoning (sepsis). There are more than 90 different types of pneumococci with varying degrees of danger and different distribution worldwide.
In childhood one-third of all purulent inflammation of the middle ear and the majority of all bacterial pulmonary infections are caused by pneumococci. In adults, more than one in every third severe respiratory tract infection is caused by pneumococci or complicated.
Pneumococcal disease can be treated with antibiotics, however the resistance of the pathogens increases worldwide because of the frequent and unnecessary prescription of antibiotics. A certain protection provides the diet with mother’s milk.
Are risk groups for pneumococcal disease
- Children in the first two years of life, former premature infants and infants
- Patients who had the spleen removed,
- Patients with certain basic diseases, v.a. chronic cardiovascular,
- pulmonary and renal disease, diabetes, cochlear implant, sickel kinaemia and immunodeficiency (e.g., HIV infection, Down syndrome, cancer or malnutrition),
- Smoking (and passiv)
For children in the first years of life, the most important risk factors (according to TAKALA 1995, LEVINE 1999, PEREIRO 2004) are:
- No maternal nutrition (4-fold risk)
- Crib (4-fold risk)
- Passive smoking (2-3 times risk)
Medication relief is also beneficial for pneumococcal infections (JEFFERIES 2012).
Every year, there are an average of 380 severe pneumococcal diseases in children in Germany, including 40% cases of meningitis (RÜCKINGER 2008). Approximately 12 children die each year from these diseases, and 35 children are affected by hearing impairment, but also to paralysis, seizure or developmental delays (VON KRIES 2000).
In adults, one of twenty pulmonary infections caused by pneumococci should be caused or complicated. Generous estimates speak of up to 10,000 elderly people who die annually from diseases in which pneumococci are causative (SCHMITT, 1999)
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