Back pain in the lower back
More than half of all back pain patients (62 percent) suffer from lower back complaints, ie in the area of the lumbar vertebrae. In contrast, only 36 percent of cervical spine pain is affected, and only two percent of thoracic spine symptoms. If the pain in the lower back begins suddenly and the person can no longer straighten up, it is called lumbago.
Pain in the lower back, which does not last longer than six weeks, is called an acute back pain, colloquially sometimes also from low back pain. This name is derived from the spatial proximity to the sacrum. The sacrum is a section of the spine that consists of fused vertebrae and lies directly in front of the coccyx. Spinal nerves emerge from the sacrum, forming a dense network of nerves in the lumbar region (plexus lumbosacralis), which primarily supplies the pelvis and legs. This network of nerves is responsible for the fact that this region is particularly sensitive to pain.
The most common reason is muscle tension
The pain is often so severe that sufferers believe the spine is seriously damaged. However, in nine out of ten cases, the acutely occurring back pain disappears on its own and is not associated with permanent spinal damage. Instead, usually, muscle tension or strains are the cause.
The tense muscles irritate the surrounding nerves and thus trigger the pain. For example, when irritating nerves responsible for more distant body parts, the pain may radiate into the leg, as is the case with sciatic discomfort
The recovery from uncomplicated back pain can be helped by exercise. More than two days of bed rest or absolute rest are more counterproductive than helpful. If sufferers suffer from severe pain or prevent the patient from moving, a pain medication should be taken. A well-tolerated and analgesic drug is
In order to prevent the occurrence of back pain in the future, people who are prone to back pain should specifically integrate exercise into their everyday lives. Logically, the back muscles should be strengthened, even if the acute symptoms have subsided again.
Other causes of low back pain
In five out of every 1000 cases, a serious illness is a cause of the acute back pain. Evidence of this is low back pain
- with suddenly increasing physical weakness
- with numbness
- with tingling
- with paralysis in the legs
- with the inability to hold urine or stool with them
If such symptoms appear, a doctor should be consulted immediately. These are warnings that a more serious illness may be behind it.
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